David Asuquo Edet


This paper examined curriculum content, gender, self-efficacy and acquisition of employability skillsamong business education graduates of universities in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, two research questions and two corresponding hypotheses were formulated as guide for the study. Literature was reviewed in line with the variables under study. Survey research design was adopted. The population for the study was 987 business education graduates between 2007/2008 and 2014/2015 academic sessions from the University of Calabar (UNICAL) and Cross River University of Technology (CRUTECH). The sample of the study was 200 business education graduates drawn purposively using accidental and snowballing sampling techniques. A validated researcher-made four point scale questionnaire titled 'Curriculum Content, Gender, Self-Efficacy and Acquisition of Employability Skills Questionnaire' (CCGSEAESQ) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by four research experts. A reliability estimate of .72 to.84 was achieved for the instrument using Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient after a pilot test. The data obtained from the field was converted into values and analyzed using independent t-test statistical technique. All hypotheses were tested at.05 level of significance. Findings revealed among others that male universities graduates exposed to business education curriculum content were significantly different from their female counterparts in their acquisition of employability skills. Based on this, it was recommended that since biologically and genetically, males aredistinctively different from the females, business education lecturers should intermittently reduce their pace during lesson delivery and be gender sensitive so as to carry along students with low intelligence quotient taking into cognizance their gender unevenness

Full Text:



Adebakin, A. B., Ajadi, O. T. & Subair, S. T. (2015). Required and possessed universities graduate employability skills: perceptions of the Nigerian e m p l o y e r s . Wo r l d J o u r n a l o f E d u c a t i o n, 5 ( 2 ) , 11 5 -1 2 1 . Doi:10.5430/wje.v5n2p115

Akuegwu, B. A. & Nwi-ue, F. D. (2013). Appraisal of university students' possession of employability skills for global work place in south-south, Nigeria. Journal of Education Review, 6(3), 295-305.

Akuegwu, B. A., Edet, A. O; Uchendu, C. C. & Ekpoh, U. I. (2011). Assessing teaching readiness of university students in Cross River State, Nigeria; Implication for managing teacher education reforms. Higher Education Studies, 1(2), 96-102.

Aquah, P. A. (2014). Enriching the business education curriculum for relevance in the global workplace. Global Journal of Human Social Science: G.Linguistic & Education, 14(7), 31-35.

Bala, I. (2016). A survey: gender and age affects academic achievement of senior secondary school students. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, 3(12), 132-134.

Bassey, B. A. & Amanso, O. I. (2017). Assessing students' gender, school type and science process skills acquisition of senior secondary schools students in Calabar education zone, Cross Rivers State. International Journal of Education and Evaluation, 3(4), 19-25.

Cherian,J. & Jacob, J. (2013). Impact of self-efficacy on motivation and performance of employees. International Journal of Business and Management, 8 (14), 80-88. Doi: 10.5539/ijbm.v8n14p80

Ebenichi,A. S., Rashid, A. M. & Baker, A. R. (2016). Predictors of career adaptability skills among higher education students in Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Vocational Education and Training, 3 (3), 212-229.Nigerian Journal of Business Education -Volume 7 No.1, 202080

Nigerian Journal of Business Education (NIGJBED) Volume 7 No.1 October 2020 Nigerian Journal of Business Education Volume 7 No.1, October 2020 URL: All Rights Reserved.

Ekpenyong, L. E. (1988). Vocational content in the national curriculum for Nigerian secondary schools: How industry can help? The vocational aspect of education, 40(106), 57-62

Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004). National Policy on Education(4thed.) Lagos: NERDC

Goleman, D. (1998). Working with emotional intelligence, Bloomsbury, London Graham,

S., & Weiner, B. (1996). Theories and principles of motivation. In D. C.Berliner and B. Caifee (Eds.), Handbook of educational psychology, 63-84, New York: Macmillan Guardian (2013). World Bank, firm trains 1500 Graduates. Guardian appointments. Thursday August 16, 29

Hoffman,B., & Spatariu, A. (2008). The influence of self-efficacy and metacognitive prompting on mathematics problem-solving efficacy. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 33, 875-893

Idaka, I. E. & Uzoechi, L. I. (2016). Gender, age and employability skills acquisition among university students in Imo state, Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Education Research, 4(4), 6-15.

Jeffreys, M. R. (2008). Predicting non-traditional student retention and achievement. Nurse Educator, 23 (1), 42-48

Jugale, V. B. (2010). Poverty, globalization and human development. New Delhi serials publication

Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D. & Hackett, G. (1996). Career development from a social cognitive perspective. In Brown and L. Brooks (Eds.), Career Choice and Development (3rded.), 373-422, San Francisco.

Loo, C. W., & Choy, J. L. F. (2013). Sources of self-efficacy influencing academic performance of engineering students. American Journal of Educational Research, 1 (3), 86-92. Doi: 10.12691/education-1-3-4

Mike, U. (2014). Importance of skill acquisition: Dynamics of skill acquisition: A constraints-led approach.

Mukoro, A. S. (2014). Gender participation in university education in Nigeria: closing the gap. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Science,34, 53-62.

Munishi, E. J. (2016). Factors contributing to lack of employability skills among technical and vocational education graduates in Tanzania. Business Education Journal, 1 (2),1-19 Nigerian Journal of Business Education -Volume 7 No.1, 202081

Obimgbo, J. I. (2016).Students' characteristics and attitude towards accounting in secondary schools in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State. An unpublished M.Ed. thesis of the Department of Vocational Education, University of Calabar

Omar, M. K., Bakar, A. R. & Mat-Rashid, A. (2012). Employability skills acquisition among Malaysian Community College Students. Journal of Social Sciences, 8(3), 472-478. Http://, L. D. & Sewell, P. (2007). The key to employability: developing a practical model of graduate employability. Education + Training, 49 (4), 277-289. Doi: 10.1108/00400910710754435

Reynolds, A.L. & Weigand, M. J. (2010). The relationships among academic attitude, psychological attitudes, and the first semester academic achievement of first year college students. Journal of Student Affairs,Research and Practice, 47 (2), 175-195

Robbins, S. B., & Lauver, K., Le, H., Davis, S., Langley, R. & Carlstrom, A. (2004). Do psychosocial and study skill factors predict college outcomes? A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 261-288. Http:// 0033-2909.130.2.261

Saunders, J., Davis, L., William, T. & Williams, J.H. (2014). Gender differences in self-perceptions and academic outcomes: A study of African American high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescents, 33, 81-90

Singh, G. K. G. & Singh, S. K. G. (2008). Malaysian graduate's employability skills. UNITAR -Journal, 4(1), 14-44.

Tsai, C. C., Chuang, S. C., Liang, J.C. & Tsai, M. J. (2011). Self-efficacy in internet-based learning environment: A literature review. Educational Technology and Society, 14 (4), 222-240

Uzoechi, L. I. (2015). Assessment of employability skills acquisition among university students in Imo State, Nigeria. An M. Ed. Thesis, University of Calabar.

Verhoeven, L. (2000). Components of early second language reading and spelling. Scientific studies, 4, 313-330


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2018 -2019.  The Nigerian Journal of Business Education (NIGJBED) All Rights Reserved. ISSN: 2408-4816.

Powered by Myrasoft Systems Ltd. (Phone Number: +234(0)8062926794)