PRINCIPALS' LEADERSHIP STYLES AND BUSINESS STUDIES TEACHERS' PRODUCTIVITY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE, ANAMBRA STATE

Emmanuel Obidi Udegbunam, Prudence Okeoghenemaro Ukuhor, Cyriacus Izuchukwu Mbanugo, Veronica Uchechukwu Anigbogu

Abstract


The study was carried out to ascertain the principals' leadership style and business studies teachers' productivity in secondary schools in Awka education zone, Anambra State. Four researchquestions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. A correlation research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted of 427(122 principals and 305 business studies teachers) who have worked for more than five years in their respective institutions in South-East Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts in Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. The reliability of the instrument was ensured using pilot test technique Data collected were analyzed with Cronbach Alpha reliability to ascertain the internal consistency of the questionnaire items and the computation yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.86. Data related to the research questions 1 and 2 were analyzed using mean and standard deviation while research questions 3 and 4 with the null hypotheses were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment correlation analysis to test the degree of relationship at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that there is a negligible negative relationship between principals' transformational leadership style and productivity of business studies teachers and a significant positive relationship between principals transactional leadership style and productivity of business studies teachers in secondary schools in Awka education zone, Anambra State. It was also recommended that principals should adopt a transactional leadership style rather than transformational styles to enhance business studies teachers' motivation consistently and efficiently; which will in turn generate higher quality performance on the employees' part and boost educational performance among others.

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