Christian A. Oduma, Kingsley Ogazi Igwe, Ifeanyi Mathew Idike


This study investigated the quality of human and material resources available for effective teaching of business studies at upper basic education in private secondary school in Ebonyi state Central Senatorial Zone, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The purpose was to identify the business studies teachers available for effective teaching of business studies at upper basic education, to determine the business studies instructional material available for teaching of business studies and the ascertain the condition of the instructional materials available for teaching of business studies at upper basic education level in Private secondary schools. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study consists of 117 business studies teachers in recognized Private Secondary school in Ebonyi state Central Senatorial Zone. There was no sample in study since the population was manageable. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire title: Quality of Human Resources Available for Effective Teaching of Business Studies at Basic Education (QHMRAETBSBE) with 27 items and a checklist titled: Availability of instructional materials for effective teaching of business studies (AIMETBS) with 54 items were designed and used for data collection. A total of 117 copies of questionnaires was distributed, 85 were retrieved and used to analyze the data using mean and standard deviation statistics, while t-test statistics was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 levels of significance. The findings of the study revealed that available human and materials resources were not adequate for effective teaching of business studies in upper basic education, also most of the materials resources available for teaching of business studies at upper basic education are in good condition in private secondary schools in Ebonyi state. It was recommended that proprietors of private secondary school should ensure that business studies teachers in all area of business education be recruited and engaged to teach business studies, not graduate of business related discipline, Instructional materials/equipment resources for teaching business studies should be provided by proprietors of private secondary schools to aid in the implementation of mandate of business studies curriculum in private secondary schools.


Keywords: Assessment, Human and Material Resources, Availability, Business Studies, Upper Basic Education

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