Constance Ifeyinwa Okoli, Nzube Happiness Ikpat



This study ascertained the level of application of virtual learning pedagogical design by business educators in tertiary institutions in Anambra State. One research question guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 99 business educators from public tertiary institution in Anambra State. No sampling was done due to the relatively small size of the population. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled “Level of application of Virtual-learning Pedagogical Design Questionnaire” (LAVPDQ) which was validated by three experts. Cronbach alpha was used to determine the reliability of the instrument and it yielded reliability coefficient of 0.88. The researchers together with two research assistants collected data for the study using direct approach method and 91% return rate was recorded. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question while t-test was used in testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed among others that business educators apply virtual learning pedagogical design at a moderate level in tertiary institutions in Anambra State.  Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that business educators should reduce their over reliance on traditional teaching method so as to re-align students with market need. Lecturers should from time to time avail themselves the opportunity to get acquainted with the state-of-the-art technology by attending the training programmes, workshops and seminars.


Keywords: Virtual learning, pedagogical designs, business education, business educators

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